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Thread: Ice Shelf Collapse Reveals New Undersea World

  1. #1
    Newsaholic CVX's Avatar
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    Ice Shelf Collapse Reveals New Undersea World

    The collapse of a giant ice shelf in Antarctica has revealed a thriving ecosystem half a mile below the sea.

    Despite near freezing and sunless conditions, a community of clams and a thin layer of bacterial mats are flourishing in undersea sediments.

    "Seeing these organisms on the ocean bottom -- it's like lifting the carpet off the floor and finding a layer that you never knew was there," said Eugene Domack of Hamilton College.

    Domack is the lead author on the report of the finding in the July 19 issue of Eos, the weekly newspaper of the American Geophysical Union.

    The discovery was accidental. U.S. Antarctic Program scientists were in the northwestern Weddell Sea investigating the sediment record in a deep glacial trough twice the size of Texas. The trough was unveiled in the 2002 Larsen B ice shelf collapse.

    Toward the end of the expedition the crew recorded a video of the sea floor. Later analysis of the video showed the clams and bacteria growing around mud volcanoes.

    Since light could not penetrate the ice or water, these organisms do not use photosynthesis to make energy. Instead, these extreme creatures get their energy from methane, Domack said today.

    The methane is produced inside the Earth and is distributed to the sea floor by underwater vents.

    This type of ecosystem is known as a "cold-seep" or a "cold-vent." The first of its kind was discovered in 1984 near Monterey, California. Since then, similar ecosystems have been discovered in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Sea of Japan.

    This recent discovery is the first cold-seep to be described in the Antarctic. The nearly pristine conditions -- which have been undisturbed for nearly 10,000 years -- will serve as a baseline for researchers probing other parts of the ocean. They better hurry though -- debris from the iceberg calving has already begun to bury some of the area.

    Domack hopes to find new species and that this discovery will open the door to future Antarctic expeditions, specifically into Lake Vostok, a freshwater lake that sits two miles below the surface.

    Any knowledge gained from studies into Antarctic life could help researchers search for life in other subterranean water locations on Earth. And, experts say, this research could better prepare scientists to examine the hypothesized ocean on Jupiter's moon Europa or on Saturn's moon Titan.

    Thank you: http://www.livescience.com/animalwor...ctic_life.html

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    Re: Ice Shelf Collapse Reveals New Undersea World

    Well if the ice shelf is indeed falling off. Can we expect a day after tormmow senerio. Get your snow plows out.

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    Re: Ice Shelf Collapse Reveals New Undersea World

    Quote Originally Posted by kmhowe72
    Well if the ice shelf is indeed falling off. Can we expect a day after tormmow senerio. Get your snow plows out.
    Now I have to ask, what caused the ice shelf to fall off something like global warming, man made stuff. And with that shelf borken off, are these no living discoveries exposed to light, contaminants, new predators, man etc that is going to kill them all off and put us no further ahead in our new discovery, yes a bit of a cynical inquiry but it makes me wonder.
    �You only live once, but if you do it right, once is enough.�
    ― Mae West

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    Not just a sheeple nvalleyvee's Avatar
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    Re: Ice Shelf Collapse Reveals New Undersea World

    The ice covering Antarctica is HUGE. These creatures are surviving in other areas. Global warming and cooling is nothing new to this planet. I do think man has caused some of it and I really see a future of caretaking in front of us. The resiliance and adaptaion ability of the Earth is quite remarkable. For all you gloom and doomers out there - man needs to have a lot more respect for the Earth - I do not doubt that. There have been 3 major planetary die offs and many smaller ones. If man creates his own demise I feel confident Earth will recover. Unless we are shattered to bits by a very big comet or asteroid that simply makes the Earth another asteroid belt.
    The growth of knowledge depends entirely on disagreement..........Karl R. Popper

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    Re: Ice Shelf Collapse Reveals New Undersea World

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    Creation is so amazing to me, no matter how big or how small intricate design is apparent. And we truly are discovering new things about it everyday.

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